Endodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the internal tissues of the tooth
Endodontics is a branch of dentistry that deals with the internal tissues of the tooth. When these tissues or the tissues surrounding the tooth root become ill or damaged due to caries or trauma, endodontic treatment allows the tooth to be saved. Endodontic treatment is an outpatient dental intervention necessary when the pulp (the tissue inside the tooth as well as the vital part that encloses the nerve endings, venules, arterioles ...) is inflamed or infected due to damage caused by deep caries, the outcome of interventions on the tooth, or from a trauma.
Endodontic treatment (or root canal treatment also called devitalization or canalization) consists of removing the inflamed and infected pulp, present inside the tooth and along the entire length of the roots, and replacing it with a permanent filling, after adequate cleaning.
The result is that the tooth will no longer be an infectious reservoir and, after adequate reconstruction of the crown, it will be able to continue to perform the same functions as an intact tooth. The success rate of a correct root canal treatment is, under normal conditions, very high. The percentage decreases in cases of endodontic retreatment, ie when it is necessary to repeat the procedure due to a previous failure (execution errors, anatomical complexity, objective difficulties).